Paper: Nelson Mandela and the Anti-Apartheid Movement in South Africa

1989 - F.W. de Klerk of the National Party is elected president. His goal is to scrap the Separate Amenities Act, and end apartheid. 1990 - Nelson Mandela is released after 27 years in prison. African political organizations are legalized. 1993 - After violent riots that claim 1,500 lives in less than a year, the National Party and the ANC. agree on a "government of unity", in which both parties will be partners for the time being. 1994 - Mandela and de Klerk each launch their own campaigns. The elections are held, and blacks are given their first opportunity to vote. Mandela declares an ANC victory, and de Klerk offers his cooperation. African National Congress - The ANC is a national liberation movement formed in 1912. Its purpose is to unite the African people and spearhead the struggle for fundamental political, social and economic change. ANC Objectives: the creation of a united, non-racial, non-sexist and democratic society. Nelson Mandela -South African activist; imprisoned 27 years-Winner of the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize -Leader of the African National Congress-First black president of South Africa Nelson Mandela is widely accepted as the most significant black leader in South Africa, and is a symbol of resistance to apartheid. After his victory as ANC President in 1994, Mandela established many rights for minorities and for freedom of expression. He announced that he would not run for reelection in 1999, and Thabo Mbeki of the ANC became president. Today, Mandela advocates HIV prevention and disagrees with the U.S. attack on Iraq without UN approval. Results - Mandela successfully ended the government policy of apartheid, and improved the living standards for black South Africans. However, violence and bloodshed were devastating results from the anti-apartheid movement, and although apartheid laws no longer exist, apartheid is present in South African society today in the form of racism and prejudice....