Paper: An Introduction to the History of the Civil War in the United States

After Jackson's death in Waynesboro for the entire battle. (Bowman, V1 177-178) The date was February 28,1865 when the Confederate Generals stationed in Swoope received word that Sheridans troops were leaving Winchester head for Staunton. Confederate Generals Rosser and Early had to decide what to do. Knowing that there would be a fight on his hands Early withdrew to Waynesboro leaving General Rosser and a handful of men in Staunton. (Bowman, V1 178) Early made his post on Florence Avenue in Waynesboro on March 2, 1865. Early's men (Whartons Division) stretched out from Florence Avenue to Pine Avenue. This is about where Waynesboro High School stands now. Soon after Sheridan arrived in Waynesboro and established the Union line about a mile of Whartons Division. By estimating there were about two thousand Confederate soldiers opposing the one thousand Union troops. The winter in 1864-74 had been the worst that the area had seen in years and do to this the South River's bottom was flooded. This didn't discourage the Union troops however, they were still able to take advantage of the unmanned south end of town and flank any defenders. Hotchkiss related that the whole confederate line give away and there was a perfect route towards the mountains for safety that no one took advantage of. No artillery had been posted on the East Side of the river, so the enemy was able to capture over one thousand prisoners and supplies. The Confederate soldiers there found themselves with no other route out of town other than a small footbridge on Main Street. (Bowman V2, 188) Hotchkiss was living in Lynchburg when word of Lee's surrender in Appomatox got to him. The prisoners of war were released but there wasn't much to fight for after Lee's surrender. Hotchkiss spent the rest of his years happily living as a southerner. Hotchkiss died in 1899 at the age of 71. Hotchkiss may not have been a Virginian but he was a Virginian at heart....