Paper: An Introduction to the History of Holocaust During World War Two

*Picture**Picture: Home Top Menu* *Picture: Shop* *Picture: Products* *Picture: Tech Support* *Picture: Customer Service* *Picture: Mail* *Picture: GI Information* *Picture: GI! Home**Picture: Iwo Jima * Holocaust HOLOCAUST, a term for the methodical persecution, enslavement, and extermination of European Jewry by Nazi Germany. An estimated 6 million Jews died in the years from 1933 to 1945. Europe had a history of anti-Semitism, but the Holocaust was unique in scope, barbarity, and concentration on the annihilation of one people (genocide). Moreover, anti-Semitism was given legal sanction. The Holocaust was directed by the Nazi dictator Adolf HITLER, aided by a vast bureaucracy managed by Heinrich HIMMLER , Reinhard Heydrich, Heinrich Mueller, and Adolf Eichmann. The Prewar Period Hitler outlined his anti-Semitic program in Mein Kampf (My Struggle), his farrago of memoirs, prejudices, and ill-conceived scientism. On coming to power in 1933, he implemented this plan. It evolved from legal disfranchisement of the Jews to legalized murder. The Nuremberg Laws (1935) forbade Germans to commerce with Jews and to marry or have intercourse with them. It classed Jews as "subjects rather than “citizens. Later legislation added disabilities designed to drive Jews out of Germany. Many refused to leave, convinced that Hitler's rule would soon end. Nazi-sponsored propaganda was circulated widely. Jewish books were burned. Physical persecution commenced with orchestrated anti-Jewish riots, on the infamous Kristallnacht, or "Night of Broken Glass, of Nov. 9-10, 1938. Synagogues were destroyed; Jewish-owned stores were looted and burned; and some 30,000 Jews were arrested and imprisoned. The War Period In 1939, under cover of WORLD WAR II, in countries conquered or dominated by Germany, Jews were forced into overcrowded ghettos and employed as slave labor. Jewish property was seized. Disease and starvation decimated ghetto populations. Jews were rounded up in the ghettos and shipped to concentration camps where more succumbed. Survivors were sent to death camps (the “Final Solution) set up in 1942 all over Europe. There they were gassed and their corpses burned in ovens. In Auschwitz-Treblinka alone, at least 2 million Jews were murdered in this fashion. They had been citizens of the Netherlands, Belgium, France, Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Greece, and ...