Paper: An Introduction to the Analysis of the Literature by Thomas Hobbes and John Locke

Lastly, history has shown that absolutism leads to widespread resistance. In France during the late eighteenth century, for example, the faltering of the monarchy led to the famous revolution that forever cast doubt on absolutism. Living in a system designed by Hobbes would make the common man's life much worse. Although Locke's thought is not flawless, his society would produce much more favorable living conditions. The true nature of man is somewhere between the beliefs of Locke and Hobbes, with a tendency to be closer to Locke's model. Man is neither as sinister as Hobbesā€™ view, yet is not as virtuous as Locke believes. However, this works well with Locke's model for government, which was to preserve the rights of the people. Whether intentional or not, Locke left some room in his political thought to allow for the acts of utter selfishness that he left out of his thesis on the human spirit. In Hobbes' social model, the halting of aggression from one man to the next does not make up for the loss of freedom to the central monarch. His limited governments could protect the rights of everyone while not preventing people from behaving naturally. In my humble opinion, this protection of basic rights while maintaining most freedoms would qualify as the ideal state. Finally, an analysis of most modern media, from the news to movies and beyond, reveals that freedom is very important to most people. That once again shows that freedom is the natural state of man, and nothing short of that will last for too long. Overall, the ideas of Locke are much more appealing due to his fundamental ideas about the human spirit. Those ideas had a lot of influence on many later political philosophers, and forever changed the politics of both Europe and the rest of the world. Both Locke and Hobbes were very important to European history, and there is no doubt that politics would be very different without them. However, it is Locke who comes closer to the perfect state....