Paper: An Analysis of the Principles of the Prehistoric Remains

Animal teeth from the same level of escavation have also been dated recently by ESR to 120,000 years old. A few hundred yards away is the cave of Skhul with modern type fossil humans for merely estimated at 40,000 years of age. The new dating techniques on associated teeth give an average of around 100,000 years. So Neanderthal and modern people lived in the same area at almost the same period with little sign of one evolving into the other or with enough time for it to happen. Nevertheless future discoveries could radically alter the picture once again. Evidence from tools is also inconclusive. The typical neanderthal tool culture is Mousterian while the main culture of the early Cro-Magons in Europe is the considerably more sophisticated Aurignacian. However at Saint Cazaure some of the tools associated Mounsterian and more advanced features. Conversely at Jabel Qafzeh and Skhul the fossilized human skulls of the modern type are associated with basically Mounsterian tools. Another proposal centres on extinction from disease. Assuming the Cro-Magnon people came to Europe from elsewhere they may have brought with them diseases to which the Neanderthals had no resistance. Similar events have occurred during recorded history. When Europeans travelled to America in the 16th century they introduced influenza and whooping cough small pox measels to a largely non resistant inhabitants. Historians estimate that tens of millions of native Americans died as a result. A further posibility is that the Neanderthal peopllle suffered “passive displacement" by highly more organised and better equipted Cro-Magnons. The new comers were supirior at hunting gathering finding shelter and generally surviving. They out competed the Neanderths! people who succumbed through lack of food and shelter. Yet another version is that displacement was not passive but active. The Cro-Magnons killed off the Neanderthal people....