Paper: An Analysis of the Influence of the Human Nature of Characters on Their Fate in Homer's Iliad

Humans today as well as the people in the Iliad have an overwhelming sense of pride. The poem is filled with actions done solely out of pride. The war begins because of Menaloass pride, which is shattered as a result of his wife running away with Paris. Agamemnons boastful pride is what causes him to take Brisies from Achilleus, just because he can. In book three Paris shows his pride when he steps out of rank and challenges any of the Achaian soldiers to a duel. Even though he is rather cowardly when he runs from Menalaoss excepting of the duel, it is Pariss pride that brings him back. Achilleus seems to be a model for all basic human traits, because he, above all others, turns out to have the most pride. Excessive pride is not always a good thing. In this case it is Achilleuss tragic flaw. In book nine when Agamemnon sends Aias and Odysseus to try and persuade Achilles to return, Achilleus puts his crushed pride above all else and returns with, “I will join with him in no counsel, and in no action. He cheated me and he did me hurt. Let him not beguile me with words again. This is enough for him. Let him of his own will be damned, since Zeus of his counsels has taken his wits away from him". Lastly of the traits that Homer describes is family values. The heros in the poem put family above all else. Two sets of brothers are basically the ones responsible for the fighting; Paris, who took Helen, and his brother that leads the Trojan army, Hecktor, and Menalaos, Helens husband, and the commander-in-chief of the Greeks Agamemnon. In book 6 Diomedes almost fights Glaukos. “High-hearted son of Tydeus, why ask my generation?See now, you are my guest friend from afar in the time of our fathersSo they spoke, and both springing down from behind their horses gripped each others hands and exchanged the promise of friendship"....