Paper: An Analysis of the Concept of Epilepsy as a Chronic Brain Disorder in Scientific Research

Afterwards, more muscle contractions can throw a body into violent agitation, and can result in injury. To prevent cheeks and tongue from being bitten during a seizure, put a folded handkerchief in the mouth. When it subsides, the person is exhausted and may sleep heavily. Fatigue and depression are! often experienced upon awakening, and sometimes the person has no memory of the seizure. Attacks can vary from as little as once a year to several times a day. Petit mal seizures are usually characterized by a sudden, momentary loss of consciousness, and occur mostly in children. Apparent symptoms are often as slight as an upward stare of the eyes, a staggering manner of walking, or a twitch of facial muscles. The person mostly resumes their activity as though the seizure has not occurred. In psychomotor epilepsy, the main symptom is amnesia. Duration of the seizures vary from a few minutes to several hours. Activity does not cease during this type of seizure, although the behavior is totally unrelated to the environment. Also called temporal-lobe epilepsy, this form of seizure can be preceded by an aura such as abdominal discomfort, dizziness, or strange odors and sensations. Some severe forms of temporal-lobe epilepsy are successfully treated by surgical removal of the damaged part of the brain. Epilepsy can strike anyone at any age. But, some age groups are more susceptible than others. Here are some age groups and statistics on first seizures: ages 0-9- 47%, ages 10-19-30%, ages 20-29-13%, ages 30-39-6%, ages 40+-4%. Most people who develop seizures during their earlier years tend to experience a reduction in the intensity and frequency of their seizures as they grow older. In many cases the epilepsy will disappear completely. 50% of all cases develop before 10 years of age....