Paper: An Analysis of Bleeding Kansas, the Violence over the Kansas/Nebraska Act

Bleeding Kansas By: Garrett Evans Today, John Brown and his followers created a bloody raid in 1855. John Brown is New Englander who moved to Kansas to fight against the Kansas/ Nebraska Act. John Brown's party shot and killed five Bushwhackers. The Bushwhackers were the people for slavery, and the people against slavery were known as the Jayhawkers. This incident was a result of his anti-Kansas/Nebraska Act views. John Brown moved to Kansas a just after the people from the south were urging the pro-slavery people from Missouri to cross the border into Kansas and vote in favor of slavery. Approximately 1000 pro-slavery Missourians crossed over. When the anti-slavery New Englanders heard of this, they began to migrate down into Kansas also. Soon the Bushwhackers and the Jayhawkers were vigorously feuding between slavery and non-slavery. One week and three days ago, a bushwhacker shot a Jayhawker. This was the start of the Wakansas War in Lawrence, Kansas. This fight lasted up until three days ago. Such violence over the Kansas/ Nebraska Act lasted from 1855-1858. This violence was termed “Bleeding Kansas." Slavery has been a major issue for the past couple hundred years ever since the first African Americans were brought to the United States in the early 1600's. They were brought here against their will on slaves ship in the slave trade. The South was pro-slavery because they used the free labor to work the cotton fields. This is where most of the slaves were located. Cotton became the number one export of the United States during this period. There were hardly any slaves in the North if any at all. The North was against slavery because they were afraid that the free laborers would take there jobs from them and they would have no place to work and earn money to survive, hence the disagreement between the North and the South. The Missouri Compromise of 1820 drew a line across the U.S. Owning Slaves was legal below this line, and above the line, illegal. The Kansas/Nebraska Act stated that the people Kansas. and Nebraska had the chance for legal slavery only if the people of those states voted pro-slavery even though these states were above the line of the Missouri Compromise. The North greatly disagreed with this Act causing the conflicts between the South and the North. *Bibliography** ...