Paper: A Brief History of 1905 Russian Revolution and Tsar Nicholas Romanov II

How significant was the 1905 revolution in bringing about change by 1912? After the 1905 revolution Tsar Nicholas Romanov II was forced to concede a Duma (parliament) The Tsar did not like this idea much but was forced by the public to have one. The Tsar believed he was appointed by god to rule Russia. He disliked having to share power with different classes to himself. So he kept the right to dissolve the Duma and he did so in July 1906 when it demanded changes. The Tsar knew that he had to have a Duma to keep another revolution breaking out and it was an easy way of calming the people therefore in March 1907 a second Duma met. Yet again this Duma was dissolved in June. Then Nicholas changed the voting laws so that one “landlord” vote was worth nearly 300 peasant votes or 600 worker votes. The next election and Duma backed the Tsar and lasted its full term of five years. During this time the Tsar appointed Prime Ministers. In between the first and second Dumas, Nicholas appointed a man named Peter Stolypin. Stolypin began to reform Russia in a new radical sense. Stolypin wanted to create a class of richer peasants who would support the Tsars government. He would call this class Kulaks. Stolypin hoped with the creation of this class they would then fully support the Tsar. However this plan was faulted with the effects still spreading to the poor and they were still becoming poorer. Stolypins other aim was to crack down on strikers and revolutionaries who were a problem in 1905. Stolypin set up special courts, between 1906 and 1909. Within these courts over 3000 people were executed. Thousands of people were arrested and sent to Siberian work camps. In some towns every tenth man was flogged as a warning to the people of what would to them if the adopted and liberal ideas. Later Stolypin gained large amounts of enemies including the Romanovs who turned against him after he argued with the new court favourite Gregory Rasputin. Later Stolypin was assonated. Later signs of the Tsars political weakness became known and More and more revolutionary parties came forward. Even Nicholass most trusted friends turned against him. People like Lenin from the Bolshevik party and Trotsky from the Menshevik party foretold of a greater Russia. A socialist Russia that would rise in power and wealth with the abdication of the Tsar. ...